Donkey Kong Junior

Donkey Kong Junior Retro Arcade Machine

Donkey Kong Junior Classic Arcade Machine Marquee

"Donkey Kong Junior" is a classic arcade video game that was developed and published by Nintendo.

It was released in 1982 as the sequel to the highly successful game "Donkey Kong," which introduced the world to the iconic character Mario (originally known as Jumpman). "Donkey Kong Junior" is notable for its unique gameplay mechanics, continuation of the Donkey Kong storyline, and its place in the history of video gaming.

Donkey Kong Junior Upright Arcade Machine Flyer Buy Now Retro arcade machine from GCOM

Donkey Kong Junior Retro Arcade Machine

Donkey Kong Junior Classic Arcade Machine Marquee

"Donkey Kong Junior" is a classic arcade video game that was developed and published by Nintendo.

It was released in 1982 as the sequel to the highly successful game "Donkey Kong," which introduced the world to the iconic character Mario (originally known as Jumpman). "Donkey Kong Junior" is notable for its unique gameplay mechanics, continuation of the Donkey Kong storyline, and its place in the history of video gaming.

Story and Characters: In "Donkey Kong Junior," the roles are reversed compared to the first game. This time, players take control of Donkey Kong's son, Junior, who is trying to rescue his father from the clutches of Mario. Donkey Kong has been imprisoned by Mario in a cage, and it's up to Junior to navigate through various levels, avoid obstacles, and rescue his father.

Gameplay: The gameplay of "Donkey Kong Junior" introduces some new mechanics while maintaining the platforming elements that were popular in the original game. The levels are designed with multiple platforms, vines, and chains that Junior can climb to reach different parts of the stage. The objective is to collect keys that unlock Donkey Kong's cage at the top of the screen. Mario, however, is not a passive antagonist this time; he actively tries to stop Junior by releasing various enemies and obstacles into the levels.

Donkey Kong Arcade Classic Screenshot

The game features four different levels, each with its own unique challenges and enemies. Players must contend with hazards like moving platforms, electric sparks, and bouncing objects while timing their movements and avoiding Mario's interference.

Strategies for How to Win the Game:

Donkey Kong Junior" features four levels of increasing difficulty, each with its own unique challenges and obstacles. The gameplay revolves around controlling Donkey Kong Junior as he tries to rescue his father, Donkey Kong, from the clutches of Mario. Here's a breakdown of the gameplay mechanics and strategies to succeed in the game:

Gameplay Mechanics:

  1. Moving and Climbing: Use the joystick to move Donkey Kong Junior left or right along the platforms. To climb vines, chains, and ropes, position Junior near the climbing object and press the corresponding button. Once grabbed onto, Junior will automatically climb up or down when the joystick is pushed in the desired direction.

  2. Jumping: Press the jump button to make Junior jump. Jumping is crucial for clearing gaps, avoiding enemies, and reaching higher platforms.

  3. Collecting Keys: Each level has multiple keys that need to be collected to unlock Donkey Kong's cage. To collect a key, simply touch it while jumping or climbing near it.

  4. Enemies: Enemies released by Mario are your main adversaries. Each level introduces different enemies with distinct behaviors. For instance, Snapjaws (similar to alligators) move horizontally on platforms, while Nitpickers (birds) fly around dropping harmful objects.

  5. Fruits: Collecting fruits awards bonus points and can help boost your score. However, be cautious, as enemies can also interact with fruits, making them potentially hazardous.

Level Strategy:

  1. Observation: Take time to observe the level layout and the movement patterns of enemies. Understanding enemy behavior will help you plan your movements and avoid unnecessary risks.

  2. Timing: Timing is crucial for jumping over enemies and gaps. Learn the timing required to safely navigate obstacles.

  3. Planning Climbs: Climbing is an essential mechanic in the game. Plan your climbs strategically, as enemies can interfere with your progress while you're on vines or ropes.

  4. Clearing Obstacles: Use the jumping ability to clear gaps, avoid hazards, and navigate around obstacles. Carefully time your jumps to avoid enemy attacks.

  5. Priority of Actions: Prioritize collecting keys to unlock Donkey Kong's cage. While it's tempting to gather fruits for extra points, focus on your main objective, as time is limited.

  6. Vulnerable Moments: Be aware of moments when enemies are at their least threatening state. For example, Snapjaws are momentarily immobile when they reverse direction.

  7. Speed and Accuracy: Strive for a balance between speed and accuracy. Rushing through levels might lead to unnecessary mistakes, while being too cautious can result in running out of time.

Level Progression:

  1. Level 1: The first level introduces basic mechanics and relatively simple enemies. Focus on learning movement patterns and refining your timing.

  2. Level 2: The second level adds new enemies and obstacles. Pay attention to Snapjaws' movement patterns and their moments of vulnerability.

  3. Level 3: In the third level, climbing and timing become more critical. Avoid Nitpickers and use the springs to your advantage.

  4. Level 4: The final level is the most challenging. Use your accumulated knowledge and skills to navigate through intricate platform layouts and overcome tougher enemies.

Remember that practice is key to mastering "Donkey Kong Junior." The more you play, the more familiar you'll become with the levels and enemy behaviors, allowing you to devise effective strategies to save Donkey Kong and achieve high scores.


"Donkey Kong Junior" is an important part of Nintendo's history, showcasing the company's creativity and innovation during the early years of video gaming. While it may not be as well-known as the original "Donkey Kong," it remains a significant title in the arcade gaming landscape of the 1980s.

The game has been included in various retro gaming collections, allowing new generations of players to experience its unique gameplay and retro charm. Additionally, Donkey Kong Junior has appeared in various spin-offs, sequels, and cameo appearances in other Nintendo games, solidifying its place in the broader Nintendo universe.

The Cabinet:

The cabinet design of the arcade game "Donkey Kong Junior" is an
Retro Arcade Game Donkey Kong Junbior
integral part of its overall presentation and appeal. The cabinet's design
and artwork are characteristic of the arcade aesthetic of the early 1980s and play a significant role in evoking nostalgia among fans and collectors. Here's a breakdown of the cabinet design:

1. Cabinet Artwork:
The cabinet features vibrant and colorful artwork that is consistent with the style of the time. The side panels typically display eye-catching graphics depicting scenes from the game, including Donkey Kong Junior climbing vines or interacting with various elements from the game's levels. The marquee, which is the illuminated header at the top of the cabinet, usually showcases the game's title, often accompanied by artwork of Donkey Kong Junior and other characters. The artwork aims to attract players and communicate the game's theme and characters.

2. Control Panel:
The control panel is where players interact with the game. In "Donkey Kong Junior," the control panel typically features a joystick for controlling Junior's movements and at least two buttons for actions like jumping or climbing. The control panel artwork may also include instructions and illustrations of the controls to guide players who are new to the game.

3. Marquee and Monitor:
The marquee, as mentioned earlier, is the illuminated header at the top of the cabinet. It displays the game's title and often includes artwork related to the game's characters and theme. Beneath the marquee is the monitor, where the game is displayed. The monitor's screen shows the gameplay and action, allowing players to immerse themselves in the game world.

4. Cabinet Shape and Size:
The overall shape and size of the cabinet are designed to be ergonomic and engaging for players. The cabinet is usually tall enough to accommodate the monitor and control panel at a comfortable height for players of varying heights. The cabinet's shape is often slightly tapered at the bottom to prevent players from leaning on it and blocking the screen.

5. Side Art and Cabinet Finish:
The sides of the cabinet are often decorated with colorful artwork that highlights the game's characters and key gameplay elements. This artwork contributes to the game's visual appeal and can vary slightly based on different cabinet versions and regional releases. The cabinet itself is usually made from sturdy materials and is finished with laminate or paint to protect it from wear and tear.

Overall, the cabinet design of "Donkey Kong Junior" plays a crucial role in capturing the essence of the early arcade era and immersing players in the game's world. The artwork, controls, and overall presentation combine to create a memorable gaming experience that has left a lasting impact on both gaming history and popular culture.

The Controls:

The controls in the arcade game "Donkey Kong Junior" were generally well-received and suited the gameplay mechanics of the game. The control panel was designed to provide players with intuitive and responsive control over Donkey Kong Junior's movements, allowing them to navigate the levels and interact with the game's obstacles and enemies. Here's a description of the control panel and how it functioned:

**Control Panel Layout:**
The control panel of "Donkey Kong Junior" typically featured a joystick and two buttons. The layout of the controls was simple yet effective, allowing players to focus on the action without being overwhelmed by complex inputs.

1. **Joystick:** The joystick was the primary means of controlling Donkey Kong Junior's movements. Players could push the joystick left or right to make Junior move in those directions along the platforms and vines. The joystick was also used for climbing vines up and down.

2. **Buttons:** There were usually two buttons on the control panel. One button was used for jumping, allowing Junior to navigate gaps and avoid hazards. The other button was used for grabbing onto vines, chains, and ropes, allowing Junior to climb them. The combination of the joystick and buttons allowed players to perform a variety of actions, such as moving, jumping, and climbing, which were essential for progressing through the levels.

**Control Functionality:**
The controls were straightforward and easy to understand, which was crucial for an arcade game where players needed to quickly adapt to new challenges. Here's how the controls functioned during gameplay:

- **Moving:** Players could move Junior left or right by tilting the joystick in the desired direction. This was essential for avoiding enemies and navigating the platforms.

- **Jumping:** Pressing the jump button made Junior jump. Jumping was necessary to clear gaps, avoid hazards, and reach higher platforms.

- **Climbing:** To climb vines, chains, and ropes, players needed to position Junior near the climbing object and press the appropriate button. Once grabbed onto, Junior would automatically climb up or down, depending on the direction the joystick was pushed.
Donkey kong Junior Arcade Cabinet Control Panel

The combination of these controls allowed players to guide Donkey Kong Junior through the game's levels, avoiding obstacles and enemies while working to rescue Donkey Kong.

Overall, the control panel and controls in "Donkey Kong Junior" were designed to be accessible and responsive, contributing to the game's enjoyment and playability. The simplicity of the controls allowed players of all skill levels to engage with the game, making it a popular choice in arcades during its heyday and a nostalgic favorite for many gamers today.


About the Creator:

"Donkey Kong Junior" was created by Nintendo, a Japanese video game company. The game was developed by Nintendo's in-house development team and released as a sequel to the original "Donkey Kong" arcade game. While specific individual credits might not be as prominent in the early days of video game development, the game's design and development were overseen by key figures within Nintendo's creative teams. Notable individuals like Shigeru Miyamoto, who was instrumental in the creation of the original "Donkey Kong," continued to contribute to the development of its sequels, including "Donkey Kong Junior." The collaborative effort of Nintendo's talented designers and programmers brought the game to life and contributed to its enduring legacy in the world of arcade gaming.


"Donkey Kong Junior" was an arcade game released in the early 1980s, and its hardware reflected the technological capabilities of that era. Here's an overview of the hardware components that made up the game:

1. PCB (Printed Circuit Board): The PCB is the heart of the arcade machine and contains the essential electronics for running the game. It includes the central processing unit (CPU), memory, sound hardware, and other necessary components. The PCB for "Donkey Kong Junior" housed the game's program code, graphics, and sound data. The game's logic and gameplay mechanics were managed by the CPU on the PCB.

2. Monitor: The monitor was a CRT (cathode ray tube) display that showed the game's graphics to the player. "Donkey Kong Junior" used a raster scan display, which means that the electron beam painted the screen line by line to create the images. The monitor was an integral part of the arcade experience, showcasing the game's visuals in vibrant color and providing players with an immersive gaming environment.

3. Control Panel: The control panel housed the joystick and buttons that players used to interact with the game. The joystick allowed players to move Donkey Kong Junior left or right and climb vines, while the buttons were used for jumping and grabbing onto climbing objects. The control panel also included wiring and connectors to transmit the players' inputs to the PCB for processing.

4. Power Supply Unit (PSU): The power supply unit provided the necessary electrical power to all the components in the arcade cabinet. It converted the standard AC power from an electrical outlet into the DC voltages required by the various electronic components. The PSU supplied power to the PCB, monitor, and other systems within the cabinet.

5. Audio Hardware: "Donkey Kong Junior" featured audio hardware that produced the game's sound effects and music. The audio system included speakers mounted within the cabinet to provide players with auditory feedback and enhance the gaming experience.

6. Cabinet and Enclosure: The arcade cabinet itself provided the physical structure to house all the electronics. It was typically made of sturdy materials like wood or metal, designed to withstand the wear and tear of arcade environments. The cabinet also included various panels for artwork, marquee illumination, and access to internal components for maintenance and repairs.

7. Wiring and Connectors: Wiring and connectors were used to connect the different components within the arcade cabinet, ensuring that signals and power could flow between the various parts. Proper wiring and connectors were essential for maintaining the functionality of the game and troubleshooting any issues that might arise.

These hardware components collectively formed the "Donkey Kong Junior" arcade machine, creating a cohesive system that brought the game to life and allowed players to enjoy the challenges and excitement of navigating through its levels and rescuing Donkey Kong.

Overall, "Donkey Kong Junior" is a notable entry in the world of classic arcade gaming, remembered for its challenging gameplay, memorable characters, and its continuation of the Donkey Kong saga.

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